The CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) has published a new analysis of what COP21 means for food and farming, and what the next steps should be between now and 2020 when the Paris Agreement comes into force.
The analysis picks up the theme that “Voluntary cooperation” between countries, including through technology transfer and capacity building, is a major focus that comes through in the Agreement as is the need for all countries to support science and research.
Read the CCAFS info note: The Paris Climate Agreement: what it means for food and farming http://bit.ly/1UpvXws.
And for more information on research highlights visit CCAFS website: Paris Climate Agreement unlocks opportunities for food and farming http://bit.ly/1NsY1u9.
A brief note prepared by Landbouw Economisch Instituut (Agricultural Economics Institute) (LEI) Wageningen University and Research Centre (UR) paints a picture of Central Asia’s agricultural potential and food security in the light of climate change. The Central Asian region comprised of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan are agrarian societies and net importers of grains and some other food crops. Agriculture in the region is vulnerable to climate change. Adaptation strategies to manage climate, such as more effective use of inputs, particularly of water, require financial means which the majority of farmers cannot easily afford. In the coming ten to twenty years, Central Asia’s susceptibility to the effects of climate change will be determined by socio-economic factors rather than by climate change itself. Read the article here.
In September the Livestock Research Group of the GRA held a two week training course to increase research capacity in methane and nitrous oxide measurements across Africa. The workshop was held at the University of Pretoria, South Africa.
The GRA Rice Research Group in collaboration with IRRI, CIAT and the CCAC are lanching a project to reduce methane emissions intensities by 30% in eligible systems by 2019, while increasing food security and adaptation capacities of farmers.
The project will produce technical and policy guidance for implementing scalable mitigation options in paddy rice in Southeast Asia, South Asia, and Latin America. For more information see here.
The Joint Programming Initiative on Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change (FACCE – JPI), together with the Belmont Forum, have launched an international call on Food Security and Land Use Change. The Collaborative Research Action (CRA) brings together Cyprus, Ireland, Israel, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Romania, France, the UK, Australia, Brazil, India, Japan, South Africa and the USA. This Collaborative Research Action focuses on the two-way interactions between the dynamics of food systems and land use change, including the implications of the change on biodiversity and ecosystem services. The total call budget approximates € 10 million, with 14 different countries participating. The call, involving two types of projects, will be open until September 30th. You can find all relevant information on the FACCE website under “FACCE activities”. For more information see the official press release.
The Commission on Sustainable Agriculture and Climate Change was set up in 2011 to come up with an integrated approach for dealing with the urgent and globally interconnected challenges of climate change and agriculture. Their final report, which was launched 28 March 2012 at the Planet Under Pressure conference, offers concrete actions to transforming the food system to achieve food security in the face of climate change. Read more about the Commission and download the report from their website.
Large swathes of the world’s grasslands are moderately to severely degraded — restoring them to a healthy state could remove gigatonnes of carbon from the atmosphere and improve resilience to climate change.
The new methodology has been developed by FAO in collaboration with the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the World Agroforestry Centre. The collaboration has identified a more reliable and affordable way to measure how much carbon is being trapped in agricultural mitigation projects. Read the article
The FAO has launched a new Global Soil Partnership for Food security and Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation.
The partnership is developing an Action Plan on sustainable soil management that will develop synergies between partners and bring together work currently being done separately on soil survey, assessment and monitoring, soil productivity, soil carbon, soil biodiversity and ecology and soil and water conservation. Read the article
As demand grows for new means of feeding a global population expected to reach 9.5 billion this century, scientists worry that funding for agricultural research is falling around the world.
Dr Richard Richards of the Australian science agency CSIRO’s plant industry division said scientists from a wide spectrum of disciplines would be needed.”We need to combine advances in genetic technologies with opportunities for better crop management.” Read the full article.
Voice of America article on the aims of the Alliance to meet food and climate change concerns “We’re bringing together two big ideas here. The world’s got to produce a whole truckload of more food in the next 30 years to feed three billion more people that are going to be on the planet…. And we’ve got to try and reduce the emissions intensity of that,” said Tim Groser, New Zealand’s minister of trade, who’s also responsible for the country’s climate change negotiations. Read the full article
The Wall Street Journal links the Global Research Alliance with a speech made by Kofi Annan, former Secretary General of the United Nations. “Climate change is estimated to have increased the global food bill by $50 billion a year. Mr. Carter argues that science will be able to deliver where politics has failed: to devise a global approach to tackling food security and climate change, two of the world’s most pressing issues” Read the full article
The New Agriculturalist posts a news article on the Ministerial Summit “The reality is that globally, not enough research has been focused on reducing agruicultural greenhouse gases, compared to other sectors such as energy and transport. The Alliance changes this.” Read the full article