Argentina’s geographical position and socio-economic characteristics make it vulnerable to climate change, an issue that has recently become more apparent as a result of successive extreme climate events as well as gradual changes in temperature and rainfall patterns affecting a number of regions in the country.
The agricultural sector is particularly prone to the adverse effects of climate change since the phenomenon results in increased variability of production, reduced production in certain areas, changes in geographical distribution, effects on ecosystems, and an increase in pests and diseases. This is particularly relevant in Argentina considering that its production profile is characterized by a high percentage of primary exports and industrial manufactures related to the agricultural sector. But climate-related issues also raise concern in view of global challenges. In a global context where food security is a priority, Argentina has committed itself to increasing its food supply to the world, so that it moves from feeding 441 million people in 2014 to feeding 632 million people in 2020, thus substantially contributing to the eradication of hunger. The challenge of meeting the needs of today’s world inevitably require increasing food production under the changing climate, imposing new and growing challenges on countries.
Given the large share of the agricultural sector in the production profile of the country, the proportion of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions corresponding to such an activity is significant in relation to national emissions. According to the national inventory for 2012, emissions corresponding to the agriculture and livestock sectors reached 28%; if changes in land use and forestry are also included, it reached 49%.
Taking all these matters into account, it is undeniable that the agricultural sector needs to be strengthened and national capacities and international cooperation for technology development and transfer increased. This is essential for the improvement of the adaptive capacity of agricultural systems so that they can continue meeting today’s world food needs. Thus, Argentina attaches great importance and priority to the work conducted within the GRA. The broad benefits of the country’s involvement in the Alliance include the possibility of being immersed in the frontier of knowledge and in the implementation of work strategies from an international perspective on issues related to food production increase in a sustainable way and by promoting the reduction of emissions intensity.
Dr. Miguel A. Taboada
Croplands Research Group & Paddy Rice Research Group; Corepresentative, Integrative Research Grouptaboada.firstname.lastname@example.org
Livestock Research Grouparroquy.email@example.com
Dr. Adrián Enrique Andriulo
Coordinator, Soil Carbon Sequestration Networkandriulo.firstname.lastname@example.org
Ing. Agr. Alejandro Oscar Costantini
Coordinator, Grassland Networkcostantini.email@example.com