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The Norwegian Ministry of Agriculture and Food has been part of the GRA Council since the beginning of the network, and the Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research (NIBIO) and the Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU) are actively representing Norway in the following GRA research groups/networks:
- Croplands Research Group (CRG) – Hanna Silvennoinen
- Livestock Research Group (LRG) – Vibeke Lind and Angela Schwarm
- Integrative Research Group (IRG) – Daniel Rasse and Teresa G. Bárcena
In 2019, the Norwegian Parliament signed an agreement to follow the EU commitment of reducing emissions by 40% in 2030 as compared to the 1990-levels. Norway’s partnership with the GRA is therefore highly important given the current focus on national strategies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture. In 2019, the Norwegian Government and representative organizations in the agricultural sector signed an agreement to evaluate mitigation measures relevant for Norwegian agriculture. In connection to this, NIBIO published a report concerning the possibilities and challenges for increased carbon sequestration in Norwegian agricultural soils (Rasse et al., 2019). All these activities are closely related to goals and strategies of the GRA.
Norway’s contribution to the CRG
NIBIO (Hanna Silvennoinen) coordinates the Peatland Management Network in the GRA-CRG, which involves members from the main European peatland rich countries, and is looking to expand to South East Asia. With this initiative, the network has been making a joint effort for raising awareness about peatlands towards policymakers in participant countries and organized scientific sessions on peatland management at the European Geosciences Union (EGU) conference in 2017 and 2018 (see details here).
Norway’s contribution to the IRG
NIBIO (Daniel Rasse/Teresa G. Bárcena) is part of the Soil Carbon Sequestration Network of the IRG, which is now closely collaborating with the CIRCASA project (Coordination of International Research Cooperation on Soil Carbon Sequestration in Agriculture). A key activity of this joint effort in 2019 was the contribution to the method paper “How to measure, report and verify soil carbon change to realize the potential of soil carbon sequestration for atmospheric greenhouse gas removal” (Global Change Biology) led by Prof. Pete Smith from the University of Aberdeen.
Other international activities relevant to the activities of the Soil Carbon Sequestration Network include recent participation to the Technical Advisory Group (TAG) on Soil Carbon Stock Changes in Grassland Systems set up by the Livestock Environmental Assessment and Performance (LEAP) Partnership of the FAO. The report was been published at the end of 2018 and can be found here. Another important anticipated activity is the participation to the European Joint Programme on agricultural soil management which started in early 2020.
Through the GRA-IRG and other international efforts, Norway helps develop and implement methods for monitoring, reporting and verifying gains in soil carbon under improved agricultural management practices. This activity is highly needed as Norway evaluates which management practices to prioritize (e.g. cover crops, biochar) and the need for a national inventory of the carbon content of agricultural soils.
Both NIBIO and NMBU participate in the COST action 16106 – Ammonia and Greenhouse gases emissions from animal production buildings. This action (LivAGE) includes four working groups:
- Monitoring indoor climate and gaseous emission from animal production buildings.
- Modelling ammonia and GHG emissions from animal production buildings.
- Environmental assessment of housing systems and emission reduction technologies.
Norway’s participation to the LRG
Both NMBU and NIBIO are members of the Feed and Nutrition Network. A key activity was the contribution to the meta-analysis paper, “Prediction of enteric methane production, yield and intensity in dairy cattle using an intercontinental database” (Global Change Biology) and the review paper, “Uncertainties in enteric methane inventories, measurement techniques, and prediction models” (Journal of Dairy Science).
In Norway, the GreenFeed system is used for measuring enteric methane from dairy cattle and SF6-technique is used for both cattle and sheep experiments. In ongoing projects, we investigate the effect of feeding macroalgae, the compound bromoform found in macroalgae or biochar to sheep to mitigate enteric methane emissions. The in vivo trials are performed using open circuit respiration chambers. Furthermore, we investigate the effect of pasture and grass silage quality on enteric methane emissions from dairy cattle and the long-term efficacy of 3-NOP in grass-silage fed animals.
Croplands Research Grouphanna.firstname.lastname@example.org
Livestock Research Groupvibeke.email@example.com
Livestock Research Groupangela.firstname.lastname@example.org
Integrative Research Groupdaniel.email@example.com