The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) in cooperation with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is pleased to announce the 2012 USDA Global Research Alliance (GRA) Fellowships for Colombia, Ghana, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Peru, Philippines, and Vietnam.
USDA, in cooperation with USAID, will support the participation of Alliance member developing countries in the Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases through the Global Research Alliance Fellowships. Competitively selected research fellows will work side-by-side with U.S. scientists on climate change mitigation research for up to 3 months. These fellowships will be hosted by USDA’s Agricultural Research Service and/or U.S. universities active in the targeted research areas. U.S. scientists who serve as mentors to the fellows will travel to the fellows’ country for up to 10 days to continue their collaboration on climate change mitigation research. USDA will select U.S. mentors and host institutions for each fellow.
Targeted Research Areas:
- Developing Tools for Greenhouse Gas and Carbon Sequestration Assessments.
- Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Intensity in Crop Production Systems.
- Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Intensity in Livestock Production Systems.
- Developing Databases and Strategies for Synthesis, Integration, and Decision Support to Manage Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Carbon Sequestration in Agricultural Systems.
Learn more about these fellowships on the USDA website.
The Croplands Research Group of the Global Research Alliance met for the third time in San Antonio, USA on 20 October 2011. The Third Livestock Research Group meeting was held in Amsterdam, The Netherlands 4-5 November 2011. The Paddy Rice Research Group held its third meeting in Tsukuba, Japan on 18 November 2011.
Summary report of all these meeting are now available from here.
The University of Reading’s Centre for Dairy Research (CEDAR) hosted the Global ReseArCH4 inveN2Ory workshop on Friday 31 October. This UK workshop supported the work of the Global Research Alliance and was an opportunity for academics and industry from across the world to view the latest measurement techniques, particularly around methane and nitrous oxide emitted by livestock, soil and manure. Follow the media links below to read more about the workshop
Large swathes of the world’s grasslands are moderately to severely degraded — restoring them to a healthy state could remove gigatonnes of carbon from the atmosphere and improve resilience to climate change.
The new methodology has been developed by FAO in collaboration with the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the World Agroforestry Centre. The collaboration has identified a more reliable and affordable way to measure how much carbon is being trapped in agricultural mitigation projects. Read the article
Expressions of Interest (EOI) for the New Zealand Fund for Global Partnerships in Livestock Emissions Research (the Fund) are now being called. The Fund is aimed at accelerating global research into mitigating greenhouse gas emissions from pastoral livestock farming.
The Fund is open to international scientists, and it is hoped that multi-stakeholder/country consortia bids will be put forward. Projects can be led by New Zealand or international participants, but must include a New Zealand partner. Co-funding from international participants is also required.
Round 1 of the Fund totals NZ$16 million, and supports projects up to four years in duration. The cost of individual projects is expected to be in the range of NZ$1-4 million over the four years.
The Fund will seek proposals in response to a set of high-level research challenges that have been identified by an international strategic science panel, chaired by the Prime Minister’s Chief Science Advisor Professor Sir Peter Gluckman. These challenges are in the areas of:
• Manipulating rumen function
• Reducing nitrous oxide emissions from soils in predominantly grazing livestock systems
• Manipulating the rates of soil carbon change in predominantly grazing livestock systems
• Improved tools for farmer decision making in predominantly grazing livestock systems
There is a two-stage application process beginning with a short expression of interest (EOI) which closes 7 November 2011. Successful EOI applicants are then invited to submit full proposals. Projects from Round 1 that gain approval are expected to commence in July 2012.
Please visit www.maf.govt.nz/nzlivestockemissionsfund to obtain further information on the fund. Alternatively, applicants that wish to can proceed via the Government Electronic Services Tender (GETS) process and obtain the information and documents from www.gets.govt.nz.
The FAO has launched a new Global Soil Partnership for Food security and Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation.
The partnership is developing an Action Plan on sustainable soil management that will develop synergies between partners and bring together work currently being done separately on soil survey, assessment and monitoring, soil productivity, soil carbon, soil biodiversity and ecology and soil and water conservation. Read the article
Canada’s Agricultural Greenhouse Gases Program (AAGP), represents a five-year, $27-million initiative that focuses on the development of on-farm greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation technologies and is Canada’s initial contribution to the Global Research Alliance. The AGGP will provide funding to various partners across Canada to investigate innovative mechanisms, tools and approaches to provide real solutions for the agriculture sector.
The AAGP is funding Nova Scotia Agricultural College in a project to advance and develop greenhouse gas mitigation technologies that will allow producers to understand and apply nitrogen in a more efficient, cost-effective and environmentally responsible manner, thereby reducing its impact on air and water quality. This will lead to better soil fertility, reduced nitrous oxide emissions, and a decrease in other environmental impacts, such as water contamination. Read the full article
In October 2010, the Livestock Research Group of the Global Research Alliance identified an initial set of priority projects that it considered would greatly assist the international research effort into livestock GHG mitigation. These included establishing research networks in rumen microbial genomics and animal genomics, producing best practice guidelines and technical manuals for the measurement of CH4 and N20, conducting a global survey of rumen microbial diversity, and the testing of a novel in-field CH4 system.
These first priority projects are now coming to an end. Download and read the project reports under the Global Research Alliance > Project Reports section on the website of the New Zealand Agricultural Greenhouse Gas Centre who administered the projects on behalf the Livestock Research Group.
As demand grows for new means of feeding a global population expected to reach 9.5 billion this century, scientists worry that funding for agricultural research is falling around the world.
Dr Richard Richards of the Australian science agency CSIRO’s plant industry division said scientists from a wide spectrum of disciplines would be needed.”We need to combine advances in genetic technologies with opportunities for better crop management.” Read the full article.
The Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), the world’s largest international agriculture research coalition, approved six new programs, totalling some $957 million, aimed at improving food security and the sustainable management of the water, soils, and biodiversity that underpin agriculture in the world’s poorest countries.
Read more at the CGIAR fund website.
Voice of America article on the aims of the Alliance to meet food and climate change concerns “We’re bringing together two big ideas here. The world’s got to produce a whole truckload of more food in the next 30 years to feed three billion more people that are going to be on the planet…. And we’ve got to try and reduce the emissions intensity of that,” said Tim Groser, New Zealand’s minister of trade, who’s also responsible for the country’s climate change negotiations. Read the full article
The Wall Street Journal links the Global Research Alliance with a speech made by Kofi Annan, former Secretary General of the United Nations. “Climate change is estimated to have increased the global food bill by $50 billion a year. Mr. Carter argues that science will be able to deliver where politics has failed: to devise a global approach to tackling food security and climate change, two of the world’s most pressing issues” Read the full article
The New Agriculturalist posts a news article on the Ministerial Summit “The reality is that globally, not enough research has been focused on reducing agruicultural greenhouse gases, compared to other sectors such as energy and transport. The Alliance changes this.” Read the full article