Applications are invited for a PhD fellowship the Graduate School of Science and Technology, Aarhus University, Denmark, within the Animal Science programme. The position is available from 1 August 2019 or later.
Feeding Strategies to Reducing Enteric Methane from Dairy Cows
Research area and project description:
Enteric fermentation in ruminants results in a significant production of methane which not only constitutes a significant part of the carbon footprint of dairy and beef production, but also represents a significant loss of energy. The ruminant sector thereby contributes substantially to the total agricultural greenhouse gas emission in Denmark. This calls for not only the development of mitigation strategies to reduce enteric methane, but also a deeper understanding of the fundamental mechanisms in the rumen related to methane production. This project will focus on quantifying enteric methane using respiration chambers, identifying mitigation strategies primarily related to feeding, and quantifying animal variation in response to a given feeding strategy aiming at reducing enteric methane. The project will include digestibility trails using rumen and intestinally cannulated dairy cows and statistical analysis of data from different types of experiments.
This project will have an important impact not only in the scientific community but also among farmers and consumers, as reducing the carbon footprint of dairy production is essential for numerous private and public stakeholders.
Qualifications and specific competences:
- Relevant Master’s degree
- Excellent verbal and writing skills in English with very good communication skills
- Experience in dairy cow nutrition and physiology
- Experience with some of the following techniques: measuring enteric methane emission from ruminants, quantification of digestion of nutrients using marker techniques, feed evaluation, digestibility and balance trials
- Experience in statistical analysis of animal experiments
- Hands-on ruminant feeding trials
- Demonstration of research activities (conference or journal papers)
Place of employment and place of work:
The place of employment is Aarhus University, and the place of work is at the Department of Animal Science, Aarhus University-Foulum, Blichers Alle 20 , DK-8830 Tjele, Denmark.
Please note all applications must be received no later than 1 May 2019 (Danish time).
Applying: to read more about the fellowship and to apply please click here to visit the website of Aarhus University .
The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) seeks to recruit a PhD Graduate Fellow to investigate GHG emissions from rangelands by focusing on enteric methane emissions of rangeland-based beef production systems in Kenya.
Responsibilities of the fellow
- To study enteric methane emissions from beef cattle kept on different rangelands in Kenya;
- To test and compare different methodologies for measuring and/or calculating enteric methane emissions (e.g., respiration chamber, SF6 tracer technique, IPCC’s Tier 2 approach for calculating emission factors);
- To collect data on animal performance, activity, intake, diet composition, rangeland species composition and basal cover etc.;
- To test possible interventions and their effects on methane emissions and animal performance;
- To upscale the results on a regional basis for different rangeland systems using a partial life-cycle assessment (LCA) approach;
- To closely work together, cooperate and participate in supervision of MSc students and field research staff;
- To statistically analyze the data, write scientific papers and prepare conference/workshop presentations;
- To cooperate and share results with an interdisciplinary team of researchers with different backgrounds (animal nutrition, biogeochemistry, social sciences, gender studies, rangeland ecology etc.)
Requirements for the ideal candidate
- MSc in Agricultural Sciences (preferably Animal Nutrition with a focus on ruminants), Environmental Sciences, Rangeland Ecology, or another relevant discipline;
- Experience in greenhouse gas measurements at different scales, i.e. respiration chambers or SF6 tracer technique would be an advantage;
- Experience in upscaling field data by modelling or LCA approaches would be an additional asset;
- Knowledge of grassland/rangeland-based production systems in developing and/or developed countries are an advantage;
- Experience in handling of diverse datasets, data processing and statistical software such as R, SPSS, Matlab or python;
- Careful and correct mode of work, especially about field data collection and data analysis, demonstrated skills in writing scientific papers;
- Experience of living or working in the context of developing countries, especially East Africa, would be beneficial;
- Willingness to perform field work in rural conditions and ability to work independently and solution-oriented;
- Ability to cooperate with students and field assistants, farmers and other stakeholder groups, and partly supervise MSc students;
- Ability to jointly work in a multinational team of scientists, technicians and students from other disciplines (biogeochemistry, agricultural sciences, environmental sciences, ecology, social sciences etc.);
Location: ILRI, Kenya, Mazingira Centre
Duration: 3 years
Closing Date: 30 April 2019
Apply: to read more about the fellowship and to apply, please click here to access the ILRI webesite.
The second round of successful candidates of the GRA and CGIAR Research Programme on Climate Change (CCAFS) joint CLIFF-GRADS initiative for 2019 have been announced.
CLIFF-GRADS is an international doctorate scholarship programme designed to support budding agricultural scientists.
Some 212 applicants from more than 50 developing countries applied to this latest round of the programme, as compared to 65 applicants from 23 countries in the first round earlier this year.
As such, 27 scholarships have been awarded to students from more than 18 countries in this second round, with winners announced at the UN climate talks in Poland. Students will undertake research in areas as diverse as rumen microbiology, rice production, soil science, and rangeland management, among others.
We are pleased to announce 2019 CLIFF-GRADS fellows and research projects below.
|Name||Nationality||University||Research Project||Host Institution||Host Country|
|CLIFF-GRADS Call: Greenhouse gas emission and emission reduction from agricultural production|
(to be confirmed)
|Peru||University of Buenos Aires||Effect of modulating interspecies electron transfer exchanges on methane production and rumen microbiota composition
|INRA – National Institute for Agricultural Research,
|Adnan Zahid||Pakistan||University of the Punjab||Using a Tier II Model (CQESTR) to Predict SOC Storage and CO2 Emissions
|USDA -ARS, Soil and Water Conservation Research Unit||USA|
|Bertin Takoutsing||Cameroon||Wageningen University||Accounting for errors in SOC estimates introduced by proximal sensing methods
|ISRIC – World Soil Information||Netherlands|
|Bo-Wen Zhang||China||Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS||Modeling pH effects on direct N2O from agricultural soils through complex stable isotope labelling|| Thünen Institute, Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas, Forestry and Fisheries
|Camila Almeida dos Santos||Brazil||Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro||Targeting N2O emission hot-spots in intensive dairy pastures for mitigation action
|The University of Melbourne||Australia|
|Deysi Ruiz Llontop||Peru||National Agrarian University La Molina||Quantification of carbon footprints in livestock production systems under contrasting management of Argentina
|National Institute of Agricultural Technology (INTA)||Argentina|
|Hilaire Sanni Worogo
(to be confirmed)
|Benin||University of Parakou||Effects of rangeland management on soil carbon sequestration||USDA -ARS, Fort Keogh Livestock & Range Research Laboratory||USA|
|Kofi Boateng||Ghana||Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology||Nitrogen fertilizer rate, crop residue amount and soil water content influence on N2O emissions
|USDA -ARS, Soil and Water Conservation Research Unit||USA|
|Lai Lai||Myanmar||University of Putra Malaysia||Compiling a structured Rice Policy Information Portal and demonstrating its potential use in mitigation projects
|International Rice Research Institute (IRRI)
|Lamfu Fabrice Yengong||Cameroon||University of Buea||Manure management interventions to mitigate GHG||International Livestock Research Institute, Mazingira Centre
|Lucélia de Cássia Rodrigues de Brito||Brazil||Federal University of Piauí||Cover crop and animal manure impacts on soil N2O emissions||USDA -ARS, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Sustainable Agricultural Systems Laboratory
|María Carolina Scorcione Turcato||Argentina||University of Buenos Aires||Directed evolution of rumen microbial cultures towards the identification and stimulation of electron sinks alternative to methanogenesis
|National Agricultural Research Institute (INIA)||Chile|
|Mariana Eloisa Garcia Ascolani||Paraguay||University of Florida||RumenPredict: Predicting appropriate GHG mitigation strategies based on modelling variables that contribute to ruminant environmental impact
|Mónica Gabriela Perez||Argentina||University of Buenos Aires||Understanding the controls of N2O in grazed upland and lowland systems
|Noriel Angeles||Philippines||University of the Philippines Los Baños||Toward low methane-emitting rice varieties||International Rice Research Institute (IRRI)
|Ntwanano Moirah Malepfane||South Africa||University of KwaZulu-Natal||Comparing deep soil carbon stocks under kiwifruit and pasture land use
|Plant & Food Research
|Paul Soremi (to be confirmed)||Nigeria||Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta||Turning to rice cultivars for solving the CH4 puzzle in irrigated rice systems||International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), FLAR
(to be confirmed)
|Cameroon||University of Yaounde||Soil organic matter sensitivity to land management impact on grasslands and croplands||Thünen Institute, Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas, Forestry and Fisheries
|Rangarirayi Lucia Mhindu||Zimbabwe||Chinhoyi University of Technology||GHG emissions from adequately managed rangelands in Kenya||International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Mazingira Centre
|Ricardo González Quintero||Colombia||Universidad de Antioquia. Medellín||Measuring ammonia emissions and collecting farm data from Costa Rican dairies||Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center (CATIE)
|Samuel Anuga||Ghana||University of Ghana||Just how smart are the climate smart options promoted in the Climate Smart Villages of Nicaragua?||International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), FLAR
|Sebastian Bedoya Mazo||Colombia||University of Antioquia||Quantifying Hydrogen fluxes and their impact on methane production equations|| National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA),
|Sikiru Yusuf Alasinrin||Nigeria||Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta||Net GHG and soil carbon sequestration in response to tillage systems and cropping sequences||USDA -ARS, Northern Plains Agricultural Research Laboratory
|Thi Thanh Ha Do
(to be confirmed)
|Vietnam||Southern Cross University||Assessing (agro)forestry landscape restoration options in livestock-degraded regions of montane Kenya and Tanzania||Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)
|Titis Apdini||Indonesia||Wageningen University||Economic implications of GHG mitigation from dairy and beef systems||Bangor University
|Victor Ilich Alvarado Bolovich||Peru||National Agrarian University La Molina||GHG mitigation strategies on cow/calf production systems||National Institute of Agricultural Technology (INTA)
|Yuri Gelsleichter||Brazil||Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro||Assessing the impact of land use change scenarios on soil organic carbon stocks||ISRIC – World Soil Information||Netherlands|
|CLIFF-GRADS Call: Greenhouse gas emission and emission reduction from reduced food loss and waste|
|Daniele Eckert Matzembacher||Brazil||Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul||Measure FLW reduction and associated emission reductions of Brazilian entrepreneurship initiatives in fruits and vegetables that do not meet retail aesthetic standards
|Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences||Sweden and Brazil|
|Laura Holguin||Colombian||Technical University of Dresden||Characterize digestate option with different combinations of available waste, including yield impacts, methane, and soil-based emissions
|International Centre of Tropical Agriculture (CIAT)||Colombia|
|Li Xue||China||Chinese Academy of Sciences||Quantifying GHG emissions of agrifood chain and associated food loss and food waste in China: an input-output analysis.
|University of Southern Denmark||Denmark and China|
|Norah Titiya Machinjiri||Malawi||Haramaya University||Effects of organic matter soil amendments on population dynamics of Aspergillus flavus and its natural antagonists; and on groundnut aflatoxin contamination in Malawi.
|International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)||Malawi|
|Tabitha Nindi||Malawi||Purdue University||Understanding smallholder farmers’ storage habits in Malawi.
|Malawi University of Science and Technology||Malawi|
|Xia Liang||China||The University of Melbourne||Evidence base for the mitigation of N2O emission from reduced food loss and waste in China and Myanmar||Hokkaido University||China and Myanmar|
These awards included funding from the New Zealand government and via support to CCAFS from CGIAR Trust Fund Donors and through bilateral funding agreements. The United States government, through the USAID Sustainable Landscapes program, also funds and supports food loss and waste research.
The United States is pleased to continue providing fellowship opportunities through the “Global Research Alliance” special program within the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Borlaug International Agricultural Science and Technology Fellowship Program. The 2019 application window is open now through December 31, 2018.
- Eligible Countries include: Colombia, Costa Rica, Egypt, Ghana, Honduras, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam
Announcing an exciting new opportunity in the CCAFS’ Climate Food and Farming Research Network – Global Research Alliance Development Scholarship (CLIFF-GRADS) program. With support from USAID, we are offering CLIFF-GRADS scholarships for short-term scientific training and research stays on mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions from reduced food loss and waste. Visit the CCAFS website to learn more.
Background on CLIFF-GRADS: CLIFF-GRADS provides approximately US$10,000 for 3 to 6 month fellowships for graduate students from developing countries to work with a host research institution on projects related to quantification of agricultural GHGs and mitigation potentials. The grants can also be used for students already working with CCAFS or other host-institution researchers. Examples of recent awardees can be found here: https://globalresearchalliance.org/n/cliff-grads-awardees-2018/. A 2019 general call for quantification of GHGs in agricultural systems is already underway. The call described here is a new opportunity, focused on food loss and waste, for research to be conducted in 2019.
Opportunity: CCAFS will fund up to 10 developing country students with $10,000 each for research on the quantification of GHG mitigation in supply chains due to reduced FLW. The research must take place in 2019. Student applications are due by 30 September 2018 and students will be informed of decisions by 30 November 2018.
We are pleased to announce that the second round of the CLIFF-GRADS program is now open!
Students from developing countries currently enrolled in PhD programs are invited to apply for short-term scientific training and research stays on topics related to the measurement and management of greenhouse gas emissions and carbon storage in agricultural systems.
Applicants should have a background in agriculture and climate change research and be pursuing graduate research related to agricultural greenhouse gas quantification.
Selected students will be sponsored in the amount of 10,000-12,000 USD for short-term (4-6 month) scientific training and research stays to collaborate with projects associated with CCAFS and GRA. Specific topics will depend on student and host institution scientist interests. A list of projects seeking to host students is included on the CCAFS CLIFF-GRADS webpage.
The grants will be used to support living and research costs at the host institution. Grants may not be used for tuition or unrelated personal expenses.
CLIFF-GRADS is a joint initiative of the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change (CCAFS) low emissions development flagship and the Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases (GRA). CLIFF-GRADS aims to build the capability of early career agricultural students in developing countries to conduct applied research on climate change mitigation in agriculture. CLIFF-GRADS integrates the GRA’s new Development Scholarship and the CCAFS Climate Food and Farming Research Network with the common goal of providing grants to graduate students to expand their knowledge and experience in quantification of agricultural greenhouse gases. Research projects are hosted by CCAFS and GRA members and partners. Funding for CLIFF-GRADS is provided by the Government of New Zealand and by the CGIAR Trust Fund and bilateral agreements in support of CCAFS.
- Deadline for applications: September 30, 2018.
- To view the list of available research opportunities and to apply for this research scholarship visit https://ccafs.cgiar.org/about/careers-and-calls/cliff-grads-scholarships-short-term-scientific-training-and-research-stays
Teagasc is pleased to launch Research Leaders 2025, an innovative fellowship scheme focused on developing the next generation of research leaders in the agri-food domain.
We seek applications from experienced researchers (with PhD or four years full time research experience) in combination with host organisations worldwide (research, industry or civil society organisations/NGOs).
Join us for a live-streamed webinar on YouTube on Wednesday 25th July at 2 pm Dublin Local Time. Further details at www.teagasc.ie/rl2025
- Fellowships will have a duration of 36 months, including 18 months outside of Ireland, followed by a “return phase” to Teagasc in Ireland for a further 18 months.
- The fellowships will be researcher-led, so the applicant will be free to choose the research topic, the outgoing host organisation and the supervisor in Teagasc for the return phase.
- There will be a strong focus on career development, with dedicated career mentors for each fellow; a management training course; annual retreats with career presentations from leaders in academia, industry and civil society organisations; and transferable skills training.
- There will also be the option to undertake a secondment to the non-academic sector (e.g., industry or civil society organisations/NGOs).
- There will be a gross annual salary of €51,717 (in absence of family allowance) or €56,306 (if family allowance is paid). Research expenses will also be available.
- The programme aims to address the ‘leaky pipeline’ whereby the higher levels of research shows a gender imbalance. Review cohorts will be gender balanced, applicants that have taken a career break will not be disadvantaged, female fellows will be facilitated in finding female career mentors and paid maternity leave (with extensions to the fellowships) will be available.
- Deadline for receipt of Expression of interest: 1st October 2018, 13:00 Dublin Local Time
- Deadline for receipt of Full Application: 20th November 2018, 13:00 Dublin Local Time
- Information webinar: Wednesday, 25th July 2018, 2 pm Dublin Local Time
Eligibility conditions apply. See www.teagasc.ie/rl2025 for details.
Teagasc is the Irish Agriculture and Food Development Authority. The Teagasc annual research portfolio comprises some 300 research projects, carried out by 500 scientific and technical staff in seven research centres throughout Ireland. Research is organised into four programme areas:
- Animal and Grassland Research and Innovation
- Crops, Environment and Land Use
- Rural Economy and Development.
Teagasc researchers produced 2305 peer-reviewed publications between 2013 and 2017, ranking amongst the top European institutions in terms of number of publications and citations in the areas of food and agriculture. Teagasc researchers enjoy access to state-of-the art laboratories, over 2300 hectares of experimental farm land and two food pilot plant facilities.
See https://www.teagasc.ie/ for details.
Three of our CLIFF-GRADS winners, Sebastian Vangeli, Banira Lombardi and Ofonime Eyo have now begun research at their host institutions.
Sebastian is from Argentina, and is being hosted by Rothamsted Research and Bangor University, UK for the project “Structures and date requirements to develop a higher-tier agricultural GHG inventory”. (photo credit: Sebastian Vangeli)
Banira is from Argentina, and is being hosted by CIAT, Colombia for the project “Pasture type influence on soil N2O emission from cattle excreta”. (photo credit: Daniel Villegas)
Ofonime is from Nigeria, and is being hosted by CIMMYT, Bangladesh for the project “Identifying greenhouse gas emissions hotspot and mitigation options for the agricultural sector in Bangladesh” (photo credit: Ofonime Eyo)
The CLIFF-GRADS awards are the new annual Global Research Alliance-CGIAR scholarship. Read more about CLIFF-GRADS here
Keep up to date with the awardees by adding us on Twitter @gra_ghg
CLIFF-GRADS is a new international doctorate scholarship programme designed to support budding agricultural scientists.
Some 65 applicants from 23 countries applied for the scholarship following its launch at the United Nations climate conference in November last year. The nine successful first-round candidates come from a range of countries including Argentina, Ethiopia, Colombia, Nigeria and Tunisia.
Scholarship recipients will work in a range of research fields including nutrient management, pasture management, soil and rumen microbiology, tropical agriculture, and greenhouse gas measurement.
The awardees are:
- Abubakar Halilu, Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria
- Sebastián Vangeli, National Institute of Agricultural Technology, Argentina
- Ridha Ibidhi, Mediterranean Institute for Agricultural Economics of Zaragoza, Tunisia
- Yohannes Gelan Regassa, Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia
- Isabel Cristina Molina Botero, Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan, Colombia
- Banira Lombardi, National University of the Centre of the Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina
- María De Bernardi, National University of the Centre of the Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina
- Florencia Garcia, National University of Córdoba, Argentina
- Ofonime Eyo, Pan African University institute of Life and Earth Sciences (University of Ibadan), Nigeria
They will be hosted by research organisations in six countries:
- International Centre for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Colombia
- Rothamsted Research and Bangor University, United Kingdom
- Wageningen University and Research, The Netherlands
- International Centre for Maize and Wheat Improvement (CIMMYT), India and Bangladesh
- National Institute of Agricultural Research (INIA), Chile
The Global Research Alliance and its Partner CCAFS (CGIAR research program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security) are delighted to launch the new CLIFF-GRADS (Climate Food & Farming Graduates) program. Proposals are invited from students from developing countries currently enrolled in PhD programs on agricultural greenhouse gas quantification. Short-term (4-6 month) scientific training and research stays on topics related to measurement and management of greenhouse gas emissions and carbon storage in agricultural systems will be sponsored in the amount of 10,000-12,000 USD to collaborate with selected CCAFS / GRA projects.
The deadline for applications is 31th of December 2017.
- Find out more about CCAFS: https://ccafs.cgiar.org/themes/low-emissions-agriculture
- Find out more about the CLIFF Network: http://ccafs.cgiar.org/climate-food-and-farming-network
- For unanswered questions please contact Meryl Richards, Science Officer for CCAFS Low Emissions Agriculture ([email protected])